By A. Daguerre
Reading fresh coverage responses to social exclusion within the US, France, Denmark, the united kingdom, and on the european point on account that 1997, Daguerre argues that the advance of energetic labour marketplace rules isn't the solution and that the reforms are indicative of a shift in the direction of conditional welfare. The e-book is predicated on in-depth interviews with key coverage makers.
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Additional info for Active Labour Market Policies and Welfare Reform: Europe and the US in Comparative Perspective
8S, and Berkel and M01ler, 2002, p. 63. 2). Danish policy makers promoted positive integration strategies based on a universal right to work and training. Generous unemployment benefits, combined with low employment protection, allow unemployed individuals to re-enter the labour market quickly but without the negative pressures that affects US or UK citizens. The Continental welfare model is also employment-centred, with relatively high levels of unemployment protection. The Continental welfare regime 'espouses compulsory state social insurance with fairly strong entitlements' (Esping-Andersen, 1990: 22).
Bush released the White House reauthorisation proposals, entitled 'Working towards Independence'. Congress was not able to finish welfare reform reauthorisation in 2002, as Democrats and Republicans could not reach a 25 26 Active Labour Market Policies & Welfare Reform political compromise. Between 2002 and 2005, Congress passed 11 short-term extensions of the 1996 law. Ultimately, welfare reform reauthorisation was included as part of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 and was signed by the President on 8 February 2006.
Chapter 5 analyses the evolution of the EES and the extent to which the revised employment guidelines of 2004 reflect the imposition of more stringent work requirements. In particular, I show that the renewed emphasis on the need to implement 'structural reforms of the labour market' reflects the marginalisation of the Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities (DGV) within the Commission. Perhaps more crucially, senior civil servants within the DG Employment and Social Affairs have at least partially endorsed the emphasis on individual responsibility which is at the core of activation policies.
Active Labour Market Policies and Welfare Reform: Europe and the US in Comparative Perspective by A. Daguerre